Entertainment

Vladimir Tatlin’s Unbuilt Tower

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the leader of the victorious Bolshevik Party, Vladimir Lenin, launched a massive monument-building program across the Russian Soviet Republic, the precursor to the Soviet Union, as means for propagating revolutionary and communist ideas. As part of this unabashedly-called “Monumental Propaganda”, Lenin put a young Bolshevik architect named Vladimir Tatlin in charge of creating the headquarter for the Third International—an organization that Lenin founded whose purpose was to promote and advocate world communism.

Tatlin designed a futuristic structure to symbolize the utopian aspirations of the communist leaders of Russia. The structure was called “The Monument to the Third International”, but it came to be better known as Tatlin’s Tower.

Tatlin's Tower
A 1:42 model of Tatlin’s Tower at  Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts in Norwich. Photo: Russian Art + Culture

Tatlin intended the tower to be built from modern industrial materials—iron, glass and steel. Its design consisted of a contracting double helix that spiraled upward to a height of 400 meters, supported by a huge diagonal girder. Inside this external metal structure were four geometric volumes that were intended to revolve at different speeds. At the base of the structure was a cube designed as a venue for lectures, conferences and legislative meetings, which would make one rotation a year. Above the cube was a pyramid housing executive activities. This would make one rotation once a month. Further up was a cylinder, which was to house an information center, issuing news bulletins and manifestos via telegraph, radio and loudspeaker. This would complete a rotation once a day. At the top, was a hemisphere for radio equipment, revolving hourly. There were also plans to install a gigantic open-air screen on the cylinder, and a further projector which would be able to cast messages across the clouds on any overcast day.

Tatlin's Tower
Vladimir Tatlin and an assistant in front of the wooden model in November 1920.

It was disappointing that the Tatlin’s Tower was never built. After the end of World War I, there was simply no resources left over to create such a structure. Besides, the October Revolution that plunged the country into a six-year-long civil war had already ruined the visions for world communism, and as more and more states within the former Russian Empire seceded, any remaining hopes for world-wide proletariat revolution diffused, and the plans for the tower fizzled out.

Although the Tatlin’s Tower was never built, scaled models of the structure exists in various locations around the world. There is one at the Moderna Museet in Stockholm, one at Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, and another one at Musée National d’Art Moderne at the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris. In 2011, a 1:42 model of the Tatlin’s Tower was erected as a temporary installation at The Royal Academy of Arts, London. The same installation was then shifted to the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts in Norwich, and later to the University of East Anglia’s ‘sculpture park’ where it currently resides.

Tatlin's Tower
A modern rendering of Tatlin’s Tower and how it would have altered St. Petersburg’s skyline had it been built. Photo: Onstrid Financial
Tatlin's Tower
A model of Tatlin’s Tower at The Royal Academy of Arts, London. Photo: zoer/Flickr

Related Articles

6 Comments

  1. The other day, while I was at work, my cousin stole my apple ipad and tested to see if
    it can survive a forty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad
    is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this
    is completely off topic but I had to share it with
    someone!

  2. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I
    could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was
    hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  3. Can I just say what a relief to uncover somebody who actually understands what they’re talking about on the net.
    You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make
    it important. More people must check this out and understand this side of the story.
    I was surprised that you’re not more popular since you definitely have the gift.

  4. Great goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely
    magnificent. I really like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you are stating and the way
    in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take
    care of to keep it smart. I can not wait to read far more
    from you. This is actually a terrific site.

  5. Good day! Would you mind if I share your blog with
    my twitter group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content.
    Please let me know. Cheers

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button