Animals

What are these huge cows? Find out more about GAURS

We are all familiar with the Red Bull logo for the world’s best-selling energy drink. Two red bulls are shown charging each other in front of the setting sun. But do you know which animal inspired the brand’s origin? If you think the answer is Thor, you’re only half right. There is a special name for them. It is the gaur, also called the “Indian bison”, which is the largest and tallest of the wild cattle species. They are close relatives of domesticated cows, or more like the wild cousins ​​of bovines!

The gaur is the largest and tallest of all wild cattle.

What are these huge cows? Find out more about GAURS
Indian Bison

The gaur is the largest bovine in existence and one of the most powerful species of wild cattle in the entire world, larger than the African buffalo, wild water buffalo or bison. One will find very few animals that can grow as large as these. Usually only rhinos, hippos or elephants are larger than them. And giraffes are taller, of course.

It is powerful and built to scale. When you see Gore up close, it’s hard to look at. It has a convex forehead and a head-body length between 8 feet 2 inches to 10 feet 10 inches. The tail is relatively short, ranging from 28 to 41 inches. With a shoulder height of 56 to 87 inches, they average around 5 feet 6 inches in females and 6 feet 2 inches in males. Male gaur are about a quarter larger and heavier than females. Both males and females have horns that curve inward. Females are smaller, weighing from 970 to 2,200 pounds and males are much heavier, at 1,296 to 3,307 pounds.

Despite its size, it is shy by nature.

What are these huge cows? Find out more about GAURS
Gaur grazing

In nature, these animals are diurnal, which means they are active during the day and sleep at night. But unfortunately, due to human intervention and its impact on the forests, we see many of these animals adapted to a nocturnal life. In central India, for example, the gaur is most active at night and is rarely seen in the early morning. They may appear intimidating due to their size, but unless disturbed, gaurs are usually wary and shy. They spend most of their days feeding and resting under the shade when the sun is too hot, and pass their days in quiet, carefree charm.

What are these huge cows? Find out more about GAURS
Wild Indian bison gazing.

Although 85% of gaurs are found in India, they are also native to Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China and Nepal. They prefer open areas with clearings of forest, water, and an endless supply of grass, shrubs, and trees. But human encroachment into forests makes these animals vulnerable, and they must roam human territory for food.

There are more reports of tigers being killed by gaurs than tigers being killed by tigers.

What are these huge cows? Find out more about GAURS
Indian gaur vs tiger

Gaurs are huge and look intimidating, so naturally, they don’t have many enemies. Predators usually stay away because of their size. But if threatened, they can be dangerous to any animal. There have been reports of tigers being killed by this cow. According to a news report from India, Gaur hacked a tigress to death in self-defense, attacked it with its huge horns and slashed its body in the Bandipur Tiger Reserve. Forest officials believe the tigress may have attacked the gaur for food, meeting her tragic fate in the process.

Tigers seem to be the soldiers’ only formidable opponent because they both have the strength and ability to kill each other. In fact, tigers sometimes end up killing young calves and even adults. In Malaysia, there have been reports of a herd of gaur forming a circle around a calf killed by a tiger and preventing the big cat from enjoying the meal it killed. He was not allowed anywhere near the corpse. If tigers, leopards, or crocodiles are unguarded or distracted, they can also attack gaurs, but these incidents are not very common.

The gaur population is listed as ‘vulnerable’.

What are these huge cows? Find out more about GAURS
The Indian Bison

The gaur was listed as “vulnerable” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List in 1986 due to its declining numbers. They have also been included in Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. Since then, they have been protected in the national parks of India. The threats that have reduced their numbers are mostly man-made. The two most important reasons are food scarcity and overfishing. Other causes include loss of habitat and conflict with humans over living too close to them.

Food scarcity mainly occurs because grasslands are slowly diminishing for commercial purposes, which must constantly struggle for their food. Hunting these fossils for their horns and meat for export also poses a major threat to their existence. In the 1990s, they were in high demand by Vietnamese fishermen because of their commercial value. Not only in India and Vietnam, these animals are also endangered by poachers from Thailand for trophies and money.

But the good news is that they are legally protected in all states, but especially in India, and samples of their genetic material are now being cryopreserved. So we hope that these animals can be saved from extinction.

Is gore dangerous or aggressive?

What are these huge cows? Find out more about GAURS
Indian bison, the largest extant bovine.

If they are not disturbed or threatened, gaurs do not usually engage in aggressive behavior. But as humans encroach on more forest lands with each passing day, their habitats are being disturbed. Now, these huge herbivores are often found outside their protected areas. There are a large number of these gaurs in southern India, where coffee plantations are found in the forests. Jaurids come in flocks at night and clean their pods on the coffee bushes.

In India, there were a few human lives lost to gaurs, but these were mainly attributed to human-animal encounters. To coexist, humans need to stop venturing when the gore usually comes out. Science is baffled by one thing. Gaures slowly moved out of the forests and entered human-dominated areas, but interestingly they learned to coexist peacefully, undergoing behavioral changes.

The Red Bull brand logo is inspired by gaurs.

What are these huge cows? Find out more about GAURS
Redbull logo

The Red Bull energy drink, which is so popular, has its origins in a similar drink called Krating Daeng in Thailand. It was introduced in the year 1976 by the pharmacist Chaleo Yoovidhya. The logo on the bottle of Krating Daeng features two types of wild beasts about to rear their heads in front of a yellow sun. The logo designed by the founder, Chaleo, evoked the lively spirit of bullfighting that was very popular in Thailand. This drink, for marketing in the Western world, was renamed Red Bull and placed in bright silver cans. There are rumors that taurine, an ingredient in the energy drink, is derived from bull testicles. But, contrary to rumors, it has always been produced synthetically. However, the Red Bull logo rightly evokes a sense of the sheer power and sheer energy of the experts.

Did you know that an Indian Gore was successfully cloned in 2001 in Iowa with a domestic cow as its surrogate mother? Although the child appeared to be born healthy, within 48 hours he died of dysentery.

Smith

Tricare west is a global news publication that tells the stories you want to know.

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